Canada Has Strength In Industrial R&D, Says Expert Panel
August 28th, 2013
A new expert panel report on research and development in Canadian industry has found that, despite Canada’s historically poor performance in industrial R&D, four sectors of national strength exist.
The State of Industrial R&D in Canada, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies, provides a comprehensive and evidence-based analysis of Canada’s R&D strengths in industry, how these strengths are distributed regionally, and also how they align with Canada’s overall research and economic performance.
Key findings include:
Canada’s four IR&D strengths:
Aerospace products and parts manufacturing
Information and communication technologies (ICT)
Oil and gas extraction
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing
- IR&D activity is concentrated in central Canada, with Ontario and Quebec ranking highest, followed by Alberta and British Columbia.
- IR&D in Canada is relatively personnel intensive and less capital intensive when compared to other countries.
- An IR&D intensity gap exists between Canada and the United States and is largely driven by Canada’s low IR&D intensity in the high-technology manufacturing sector.
- Some areas of alignment exist between Canada’s industrial IR&D strengths, research strengths in science and technology, and overall economic performance, but these are limited and more research into these relationships is needed.
Although there is no single method for measuring IR&D strength, by using a wide range of indicators, including new patenting, publication, and expenditure data, the Panel found that IR&D activity is concentrated in central Canada, with Ontario and Quebec ranking highest, followed by Alberta and British Columbia. However, this does not exclude the potential impact one small firm can have anywhere in Canada.
“Industrial R&D has been a source of perennial concern for Canadian policy-makers as it is an important contributor to the innovation process,” said Expert Panel Chair Kathleen Sendall, C.M., FCAE, Director, CGG and Director of Enmax Corporation. “This report will serve as an important baseline for policy and decision-making going forward as it is one of the most detailed and systematic studies on industrial R&D ever undertaken in Canada.”
The Panel’s assessment also revealed that IR&D in Canada is relatively personnel intensive and less capital intensive than in other comparative countries, and that fewer large firms undertake IR&D in Canada. IR&D expenditures in Canada are now roughly half of the U.S. level and declining. This gap is largely driven by low IR&D intensity in Canadian high-tech manufacturing sectors, such as semiconductor and computer equipment manufacturing.
“Building a strong foundation of IR&D is essential if Canada is to compete globally, and the report sheds light on this complex topic,” said Elizabeth Dowdeswell, O.C., President and CEO of the Council of Canadian Academies. “Along with its companion report, The State of Science and Technology in Canada, 2012, this Panel’s report will contribute to the informed, evidence-based discussion about Canada’s future prosperity.”